Biotechnology Engineering Department

B.E in Biotechnology was introduced in 2002 to train the students in biological applications of Engineering principles. The plunge was taken being assured of assistance by sister institutions, KSHEMA- the K S Hegde Medical Academy that offers MBBS courses & the NGSM College of pharmaceutical sciences.
The B.E. programme in Biotechnology is accredited for 3 years (2018-19 to 2020-21) by National Board of Accreditation (NBA). Research has been the tradition of the department. Faculty members of Biotechnology department have received research grants totalling Rs.2 crore 1 lakh. Department has filed seven patents based on research work.
The laboratories provide good work ambience with state of the art instruments to enable the students to carry out projects and acquire expertise in handling the instruments. The department has laboratories viz., Biochemistry, Bioinformatics, Biokinetics, Bioprocess Control and Instrumentation, Cell and Microbiology, Down Stream Bioprocessing, Enzyme Technology, Momentum transfer, Unit Operations, Upstream Bioprocessing and Genetic Engineering & Immunotechnology and Research Lab. The department has a library with growing collection of books. The department subscribes to journals like Indian journal of biochemistry and Biophysics, Journal of genetics, Biospectrum and many more. The department has a fully fledged modern computer centre mainly for studies in Bioinformatics with Wisconsin package, 100 Mbps LAN and internet connectivity. A range of software packages for the use of students is also available.
The department is recognized as research center under VTU, Belagavi and 7 research scholars have registered for their doctoral programme. The faculties are actively involved in sponsored research projects funded by various organizations such as Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India; Department of Atomic Energy-Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences, Government of India and Karnataka State Biofuel Development Board, Government of Karnataka. A pilot scale plant for Biodiesel production, demonstration and information dissemination has been established underBiotechnology Department funded by Karnataka State Biofuel Development Board, Bengaluru.
The department is recognized as Centre of Innovative Science & Engineering Education (CISEE) in Biofuel Production by Vision Group on Science & Technology (VGST), Govt. of Karnataka.
The Biotechnology department is proud to have bright and talented students from diverse backgrounds. Students have won many prizes in various state level symposiums, conferences, extracurricular and co-curricular activities held by other institutes. Several project works carried out by students have fetched prizes and laurels. Some of the research outcomes of student project have been published in reputed national and international journals. The department also organizes visits to research laboratories and other related industries to enable students to broaden their view about the course. Students actively take part in sports and some students have represented the college at university level. The department has a technical association named PHOENIX. Activities like paper presentation, seminars, debate, quiz are conducted by this association. The association brings out a newsletter ‘Phoenix speaks’ twice a year.
To accomplish excellence in Biotechnology research and creating manpower for the benefit of society and human kind with an emphasis on present and future global needs.
To empower the students of Department of Biotechnology Engineering in to
  • Competent professionals to undertake projects by providing academic training and technical achievements
  • A successful professionals in research, academia and industry
  • An engineer for effective utilization of natural resources in biotechnology related industries.
To satisfy the mission of the Biotechnology Engineering program, the graduates will:
  • PEO1: Apply fundamental knowledge of mathematics, principles of physics and chemistry, and biological sciences for the engineering applications.
  • PEO2: Demonstrate the application of biotechnological processes and engineering principles through designing of industrial biochemical processes that are of societal and industrial importance.
  • PEO3: Exhibit skills of handling microbial processes, biochemical analysis by making use of state of the art instruments.
  • PEO4: Exhibit strong, independent learning, analytical and problem solving skills with special emphasis on design, communication, and an ability to work in teams.
  • PEO5: To have successful career as engineering professional or a researcher through lifelong learning in the field of biotechnology.
  • PO1: Engineering knowledge:
  • PO2: Problem analysis:
  • PO3: Design/development of solutions:
  • P04: Conduct investigations of complex problems:
  • PO5: Modern tool usage:
  • PO6: The engineer and society:
  • PO7: Environment and sustainability:
  • PO8: Ethics:
  • P09: Individual and team work:
  • PO10:Communication:
  • PO11: Project management and finance:
  • PO12: Life-long learning:

Program Specific Outcomes for B.E. programme in Biotechnology set by Faculty in Biotechnology Engineering are as follows:

  • PSO 1: Demonstrate proficiency in basic science and foundation engineering courses.
  • PSO2: Demonstrate a working knowledge of advanced biological sciences.
  • PSO3: Demonstrate competence in application of engineering principles to biological systems.

Biotechnology is the interdisciplinary field of science that makes use of microorganism / cells/ organisms to produce commercial product beneficial for mankind or use them for environmental benefits.

Research, Higher studies, Industry, entrepreneur

It is not mandatory that student should have taken biology as a subject, but having fundamental knowledge of biology is beneficial to understand some technical terms. Student will not face any difficulty in pursuing UG course if he/she has not taken biology course. Essential topics will be dealt from fundamental basics levels whenever necessary.

Basic knowledge in Calculus and statistics is essential. However, engineering mathematics will be taught as per the curriculum.

Medical and Health care:

Insulin, Vitamins, Antibiotics, Vaccines, Monoclonal antibodies, Hormones, Tissue engineering, Stem cell therapeutics, Gene therapy, Targeted drug delivery, drug designing.

Energy and Fuels:

Bioethanol, Biobutanol, Bioelectricity, Bio-hydrogen, Biogas (Biomethanation). Biodiesel.

Industrial chemicals:

Xanthan gum (Used in ice cream), Organic acids, Amino acids, Vitamins, Bioplastic, Microbial polysaccharides.

Microbial enzymes:

Food and Cheese production, Detergent, Textile manufacturing, Leather manufacturing, Paper industry, Cornsyrup production, Drug intermediates, Diagnostic kits.

Food and beverage:

Squash, Jams, Jellies,Vinegar, Beer, Wine, Probiotic (Yogurt), Spirulina (Single cell protein), Cheese, Citric acid, Cider, Baker’s yeast, Fermented meat & Fish.

Agriculture:

Insect and pest resistant plants,Stress tolerant plant (drought, salt and temperature), Mushroom cultivation, Biocomposting, Organic farming, Micropropagation (Plant tissue culture) of ornamental and medicinal plants.

Nanotechnology:

Biosynthesis of gold & silver nanoparticle for medical applications, bimetallic nanoparticles as catalysts, Nanomedicines and targeted delivery, Cosmetics and antimicrobial agents.


Yes. Please click the INTERNSHIP tab for more details.

Biocon India Pvt. Ltd, Wipro Healthcare, XL Health Corporation India Private Limited, Camson Biotechnologies, IQVIA, Analytics Quotient, Novartis, GE Healthcare, Aptuit informatics, Novo Nordisk, Stempeutics and Anthem Bioscience.

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Dr. C VAMAN RAO

Professor & Head

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Dr. UJWAL P

Professor

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Dr. VIDYA S M

Professor

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Dr. CHETHAN D M

Associate Professor


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Dr. SHYAM PRASAD

Associate Professor

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Dr. ANIL KUMAR H S

Associate Professor

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Mr. VENKATESH KAMATH

Asst.Professor Gd.II

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Mr. VINAYAKA B SHET

Asst.Professor Gd.II


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Mr. SANDESH K

Asst.Professor Gd.II

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Ms. SNEHA NAYAK

Asst.Professor Gd.II

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Ms. LOUELLA CONCEPTA GOVEAS.

Asst.Professor Gd.I

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Ms. HARSHITHA M J

Asst.Professor Gd.I


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Ms. ULLAL HARSHINIDEVI

Asst.Professor Gd.I

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Mr. SANTHOSH POOJARY

Asst.Professor









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Dr. HRISHIKESH DAMLE

Professor/Adjunct Faculty

Sl No. Name Designation
1 Ms. Radhika Sr. Lab Asst./Instructor
2 Ms. Poornima Ramesh Kunder Sr. Lab Asst./Instructor
3 Ms. Veena Rao Sr. Lab Asst./Instructor
4 Mr. Sandeep Kumar Sr. Lab Asst./Instructor
5 Mr. Prakash Tantry Sr. Lab Asst./Instructor
6 Ms. Rachitha R Prabhu Sr. Lab Asst./Instructor
7 Ms. Ramadevi Attender
8 Mr.Jaya Shettigar Attender
9 Mr. Vinaya Shetty Helper/Attender
10 Mr. Manjunath Rao Tech Asst./Helper

In Biochemistry lab, experiments are conducted to learn the basic techniques and tests to identify and quantify biomolecules and properties associated with it. Students will gain skills in qualitative detection of samples and also quantitative estimation of biomolecules in the given sample by using colorimetric/spectrophotometric and titrimetric methods.

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This lab facilitates the students to gain practical knowledge on Enzymatic reactions, their kinetics, immobilization of enzymes and performance in reactors. Experiments are designed to superimpose the theoretical knowledge gained in the courses Reaction Engineering and Enzyme Technology. Students are provided with the opportunity to face challenges associated with enzyme reaction system, their preparation and post experimental analysis.

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Bioprocess Control and Instrumentation lab is to learn various sensors, and their control using computer that are industrially important. This lab also provides hands on experience on instrumentation system like UV Vis, AAS, HPLC and GC for specific analysis.

LIST OF EQUIPMENTS

  • UV-VISIBLE SPECTROPHOTOMETER
  • HIGH PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY (HPLC)
  • ATOMIC ABSORPTION SPECTROPHOTOMETER (AAS)
  • GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY (GC)
  • THERMOCOUPLE CHARACTERISTICS
  • DYNAMICS OF FIRST ORDER SYSEM
  • NON INTERACTING TANK SYSTEM
  • INTERACTING TANK SYSTEM
  • PRESSURE PROCESS CONTROLLER
  • RTD CHARACTERISTICS
  • PRESSURE MEASUREMENT TRAINER

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The lab includes those experiments that deal with the study of basic mechanisms underlying heat and mass transfer. The experiments included allow the students to understand and learn the basic principles of fundamental heat and mass transfer operations such as adsorption, extraction, distillation, etc, and allows them to check and learn the working of the related equipments.

Name of the Instrument

  • Simple Distillation Unit
  • Packed Bed Distillation Unit
  • Packed Bed Heat Exchanger
  • Plate and Frame Filtration Unit
  • Heating Mantle

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The Unit Operations Lab is to study the various aspects of fluid flow and mechanical operations. This lab gives a picture on how the dynamics of fluid flow plays an important role in processes and its implications to industry. Individual experiment described in this lab when combined in different order gives a total process for industrial operations.

List of Equipment

  • Flow Characteristics of Open Orifice
  • Reciprocating Pump
  • Batch Sedimentation
  • Leaf Filter
  • Orifice meter
  • Plate and Frame Filter Press
  • Two phase Flow in Horizontal Pipe
  • Venturi meter
  • Sieve Analysis
  • Power Number Calculation in Mixing

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Upstream Processing Technology is a very important subject for bioprocess engineers. Upstream Processing Lab (BT605) supplements the theoretical course by providing practical knowledge in culture of plant and microbial cells. Upstream processing laboratory is equipped with instruments such as incubators, incubator shakers, laminar air flow, deep freezers, plant tissue culture room for culturing of plant and microbial cultures. In this lab UG biotechnology students acquire practical knowledge in preparation of microbial and plant media for growth and production of useful metabolites. It also enables students learn the basics of sterilisation and medium and culture conditions optimization. Students are also made to perform experimental tasks which gives them a hands on experience in production of essential metabolites.

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Microbiology is the study of microscopic organisms, those being unicellular (single cell), multicellular (cell colony), or acellular (lacking cells). The goal of the course is the equip the students in diverse aspects of microbiology and make them industry ready. The course is aimed at training the students in diverse practical aspects so that they are well placed after their graduation.

The instruments being used currently:

  • Laminar air flow Units
  • Autoclave
  • Microscopes
  • Weighing Balance
  • Water bath
  • Vortex
  • Refrigerator

Immunology is an important discipline in Medical Science. The diagnostic laboratory provides vital information about the patients testing their blood or serum. Various diseases like allergy, immune deficiency and a range of infectious diseases can be detected by appropriate methods. Choice of right methods would help us to detect infection which is inferred by the presence of antibodies in the patient’s serum or changes in prevalence of different white blood cell types.

The instruments being used currently:

  • Electrophoresis Units
  • Microscopes
  • SDS – PAGE.

This centre is one among the 32 information and demonstration centres instituted by Karnataka State Bioenergy Development Board ( KSBDB) in Karnataka. This centre receives an annual grant of Rs. 7.9 lakhs from KSBDB for the activities. This centre is responsible for the production of biodiesel from various nonedible oil seeds and used cooking oil available in Udupi District, create awareness, disseminate information about biofuels amongst the scientific community, students, farmers and public and give demonstration and provide technical know how about biodiesel production. The centre was established in the year 2011 with a building space of 1200sq.ft.

Objectives :

  • To develop plantation of local breeds of biofuel plants.
  • To conduct research on biofuel processes.
    • The by-products of biodiesel production (cake and glycerol) have commercial application. Oil cake can be used as manure in the farm, whereas some oil cakes (non-toxic) can be used as cattle feed. Glycerol is used in soap making. Production of biodiesel from locally available non- edible oil seeds and used cooking oil gives rise to eco-friendly fuel, adds revenue to the farmers, saves foreign exchange, reduces dependence on fossil fuel and improves rural employment.

      Activities:

      • Awareness camps
      • Workshops/training at BRIDC
      • Exhibitions
      • Research and other activities

      Facilities:

      This centre has a capacity to produce 50 litres of biodiesel per batch which requires about 20-24 working hours. Biodiesel is produced through a chemical reaction called as transesterification. The oil is first extracted through a mechanical expeller. The oil is then treated with methanol at 600C in the presence of sodium hydroxide. Then produced biodiesel is separated and purified for engine use.
      This centre also houses a testing lab for biodiesel testing where major 5 parameters (acid value, viscosity, density, flash point and copper strip corrosion) are tested. Biodiesel can be used in any diesel engine as 10-20% blend with diesel without modification in diesel engine. Biodiesel can be also used in diesel generator sets, tractors, water pumps etc.

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Activities:

The use of underutilized agricultural residues is an excellent means for the production of biofuel. Eight different dried raw materials of agricultural origin such as cashew pulp, coffee pulp, coconut leaves, areca nut leaves, cocoa pod shell and mucilage, and non-agricultural residues like Saccharum spontaneum (Kans grass) stem and leaves are being investigated for bioethanol production. Other non-agricultural residues like, non-edible oil seed cakes of Pongamia pinnata, Simarouba glauca, Calophylum inophyllum, Scleropyrum pentandrum, Jatropa curcas and Hevea brasiliensis, as well as biodiesel derived glycerol are being investigated for bioethanol production.

M.Tech in Industrial Biotechnology programme was started in the academic year 2014-15 with an intake of 18 students.

The department is recognized as research center under VTU, Belagavi and 14 research scholars have registered for their doctoral programme.


Faculty Name.

Year

No. of PhD students Registered*

No. of PhD students awarded*

Dr. C. Vaman Rao

2016-17

--

01

Dr. C. Vaman Rao

2015-16

01

--

Dr. C. Vaman Rao

2012-13

01

--

Dr. C. Vaman Rao

2011-12

01

--

Dr. C. Vaman Rao

2010-11

02

--

Dr. Ujwal P

2016-17

--

01

Dr. Ujwal P

2015-16

01

--

Dr. Ujwal P

2012-13

01

--

Dr. Ujwal P

2010-11

01

--

Dr. Vidya S M

2016-17

--

03

Dr. Vidya S M

2012-13

02

--

Dr. Vidya S M

2011-12

01

--

Dr. Vidya S M

2010-11

01

--

Dr. Shyama Prasad S

2015-16

02

--


PLACEMENTS: (2017-2018)

  • Accenture: 07
  • OMIC International: 04
  • Infosys: 02

Internship/Off campus

  • Bioplus life sciences: 02
  • Molecular connections: 02
  • IQVIA: 02
  • Biocon: 02

PLACEMENTS: (2016-2017)

  • Zumutor Biologics Private Limited, Bengalure : 01 (M.Tech)
  • Bicon : 02
  • Zumutor Biologics Private Limited 09
  • Accenture: 03
  • Infosys: 03
  • Alpha 9 Marine Services: 01
Internship/Off campus (2016-2017)
  • Biocon:04
  • Atrimed Pharmaceuticals Pvt. Ltd.:01
  • United breweries Ltd. Mangaluru: 01

PLACEMENTS: (2015-2016)

  • Anthem biosciences : 02
  • Infosys : 05
Internship/Off campus (2015-2016)
  • Biocon:01

PLACEMENTS: (2014-2015)

  • Analytics Quotient : 01
  • Infosys : 12
  • XL Health Corporation India Private Limited: 02
Internship/Off campus (2015-2016)
  • Molecular connections :02
  • Quintiles: 01
  • Sai life sciences: 01

PLACEMENTS: (2013-2014)

  • XL Health Corporation India Private Limited: 03
  • Infosys : 04
  • Aissel Solutions : 03

PLACEMENTS: (2012-2013)

  • XL Health Corporation India Private Limited: 04
  • Biocon India Pvt. Ltd.: 02
  • Wipro Healthcare: 03
  • Camson Biotechnologies: 01
  • Wockhardt Ltd. (Wockhardt Biotech. Park): 02
  • Infosys: 03

“Phoenix” is a student association of the Biotechnology Engineering Department of NMAM Institute of Technology, Nitte. In Greek mythology, a phoenix is a long-lived bird that is cyclically regenerated or born again. Associated with the Sun, a phoenix obtains new life by arising from the ashes of its predecessor. According to some texts, the phoenix could live over 1,400 years before rebirth.
The department organizes various technical and non-technical activities for the benefit of the students in order to build leadership quality, team work, personality development and exhibit some professional and technical skills.

Some of them include

  • Technical talks by external experts in the field of biotechnology
  • National level student paper and poster presentation “Parichay”
  • Biofuels days and world environmental day celebrations

These events help in building up of their future career and make them a strong individual both ethically and technically.


PHOENIX OFFICE BEARERS 2018-19


NameUSNPost
Soumya Mahendra Rao 4NM15BT045President
Venkatraman Sairam 4NM16BT051Vice President
Devika Bhat 4NM15BT017Treasurer
Brejeth Renita Nazareth 4NM16BT015Associate treasurer
Roopakshi 4NM15BT037Cultural secretary
Anushka Shetty 4NM16BT006 Associate cultural secretary
Akanksha Singh 4NM17BT005Co-Cultural Secretary
Prekshananda A A 4NM15BT034Magazine Editor
Avanthika Kamath 4NM16BT010Assoc. Magazine Editor
Anusha Tagat 4NM17BT008Co-Magazine Editor
Apeksha 4NM14BT003Sports Secretary
Vibha CE 4NM16BT052Assoc. Sports Secretary
Pruthvik g 4NM17BT033Co-Sports Secretary

PHOENIX OFFICE BEARERS 2017-18


NameUSNPost
Mohanraj Adyanthaya 4NM14BT022President
Varsha P C 4NM15BT032Vice President
Shaikh Anambanu Ameer 4NM14BT035Treasurer
Ramya Hande 4NM154BT036Associate treasurer
Nanditha S J 4NM14BT023Cultural secretary
Inchara Crasta 4NM15BT022Associate cultural secretary
Nidhi 4NM14BT024Magazine Editor
Prekshananda A A 4NM15BT034Magazine Editor
Shruthi N Mallya 4NM14BT042Sports secretary
Apeksha 4NM14BT003Associate Sports secretary
Shamika Shetty 4NM16BT038Co- Sports Secretary
Shravya P Rao 4NM16BT044Co- Cultural secretary
Anusha 4NM16BT005Co-Magazine Editor

The Indian Society for Technical Education (ISTE) is the leading National Professional non-profit making Society for the Technical Education System in our country with the motto of Career Development of Teachers and Personality Development of Students and overall development of our Technical Education System.

The NMAMIT STUDENT CHAPTER OF ISTE was formed in the year 1995 in the institute. From then the chapter is actively involved in organizing various technical and non-technical activities for the benefit of the students in order to build leadership quality, team work, personality development and exhibit some professional and technical skills. A total of 10 faculty members from the Department of Biotechnology are life time members of this society and a total of 33 students are members of this society.

The major activities of the Society are:

Student Registration for ISTE Student Chapter - Under the ISTE chapter there has been 2 technical talks in the last two years were in the students had an opportunity to interact with external experts in the field of Biotechnology.

The topics include

  • “ Farm to Fork “ – Mysteries within “
  • “Role of Ayurveda in Cancer Management”

LIST OF OFFICE BEARERS OF INDIAN SOCIETY FOR TECHNICAL EDUCATION (ISTE)- DEPT OF BIOTECHNOLOGY ENGG FOR THE YEAR 2017-18

STAFF CO-ORDINATORS: Mrs Sneha Nayak and Ms Harshitha M J

NameUSNPost
Maneesha Shetty B H 4NM14BT017President
M R Padmini 44NM15BT029Vice President
Angel Mendonca 4NM15BT008Secretary

Department has signed following MoU

IndustryCore AreaYear
Karnataka State Biofuel (Bioenergy) Development Board, Bengaluru, GoK. Biodiesel production, marketing, training and research2011 Till Date
Maxibond, Bengaluru Ecofriendly gum production2015 – 17
Borg Scientific, Chennai Designing of fermenters 2016 – 21
Provimi Animal Nutrition India Pvt. Ltd., Bengaluru Nutrition supplements for animal feeds 2016 – 21
Esente Health Care Pvt. Ltd., Bengaluru Antiseptic solutions for hospitals 2016 – 21
Upcycle-Bioenergy, Texas, San Antonio, USA Research consultancy for biofuel 2016 – 21
Atrimed - Pharmaceuticals, Bengaluru Research consultancy for skin ailment treatment with gold nanoparticles 2017 – 22
SanMed Healthcare Pvt. Ltd., Hyderabad Testing of antiseptic solutions for antimicrobial activity 2017 – 22
MEC Fuels and Chemicals LLC, Houston Texas, 77044, USA Biofuels 2018 – 24

Karnataka State Bio-energy Development Board (KSBDB) Bengaluru, sponsored Bioenergy Research, Information and Demonstration Centre (BRIDC) was established on 18th November 2011 at NMAMIT-Nitte, by the Directorship of Dr. C. Vaman Rao, Professor and Head, Biotechnology Engineering Department. This centre is presently coordinated by Dr. Ujwal P. Professor, Department Biotechnology Engineering.

Name Designation Contact Details
Dr. Ujwal P Coordinator Email: ujwal.p@gmail.com
ujwal.p@nitte.edu.in
Mobile: 9900514490
Land line: 08254 281283 Ext. 283
Mr. Santhosh Poojary Scientific Assistant Land line: 08258 281283
Mobile:9900368688
Mr.Manjunath Rao Technical Assistant Land line: 08258 281283
Mobile : 9449244324
Mr.Vinay Shetty Lab Assistant Land line: 08258 281283
Mobile :7760875597

The activities of the BRIDC is managed by Mr. Santhosh Poojary (Scientific Assistant), Mr.Manjunath Rao (Technical Assistant) and Mr.Vinay Shetty (Lab Assistant).

BRIDC is responsible for the production of biodiesel from oil source available in Udupi District. It creates awareness and disseminates information about Bio-energy amongst the scientific community, students, farmers, general public and government officials. The centre conducts awareness camps for schools, colleges and farmers to disseminate the knowledge of biodiesel production and the important feedstocksources. Planting Biofuel saplings during World Environment Day (June 5) and World Biofuel Day (August 10) is carried out by BRIDC every year. The main intention of BIDC is to contribute to the socio-economic development of the nation by demonstrating the entire Bioenergy Value Chain.

The BRIDC, has a capacity of producing 50litre of biodiesel per batch which requires about 20-24 working hours. The oil from non-edible oil seeds is extracted through a mechanical oil expeller. Waste cooking oils can also be used for Biodiesel production. The produced biodiesel isused as 10-20% blend (B10-B20) with petro-Diesel. BRIDC also houses a testing lab for Biodiesel quality testing, where major fuel propertiesare tested

At NMAMIT, we are continuously using Biodiesel blends (B10-B20) in our college vehicles from the past 3 years. Also we aresupplying Biodiesel to GM Vidyaniketan Public School-Brahmavar to run their school buses. Biodiesel blend of up to 20% along with mineral Diesel can be used in any Diesel engine without any hardware modification. B20 and lower blends can help fulfil environmental and energy security needs without sacrificing operating performance. Biodiesel can also be used in Boilers, Diesel generators, tractors, pump sets etc.

Biodiesel has a significant amount of natural lubricity and adding in levels as low as 5% can improve lubricity up to 65%, thereby reducing engine ware and tare. Biodiesel is much safer than petro diesel with a flash point over 1500C. Importantly,toxic emissions such asHydro Carbons (HC), Carbon Monoxide (CO) and Particulate matter (smoke) reduces significantly for biodiesel when compared to conventional Diesel. Biodiesel has excellent cleansing properties. In some cases, the use of petro-Diesel leaves a deposit at the bottom of fuel lines, tanks, and delivery systems over time. The use of Biodiesel can dissolve this sediment and hence change of fuel filters may be expected at the initial usage stages in buses.

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